Essential Medication Alternatives For Sclerosis Patients
There are close to 2.3 million multiple sclerosis patients across the globe. Multiple sclerosis is a neurological illness that affects the brain, the eyes and the spine in its patients. It creates a scenario where your immune system attacks the protective coating around your nerves known as myelin. Scar tissue, nerve damage, and inflammation are the main outcomes of this infection. Its symptoms include trouble walking, difficulties in controlling the bladder or bowels, depression, muscle spasms, sight issues, pain and cognition problems. The main cause of multiple sclerosis remains unknown, but it has been attributed to infections, lifestyle choices like smoking, and genetics. There is no known cure for multiple sclerosis just like its cause. There are however some drugs that can stall the development of the disease and help with the symptoms. You can read more on this website to find out the medications that multiple sclerosis patients rely on.
The interferon beta drugs are part of a larger class of medicines that replicate the naturally occurring proteins in human bodies tasked with fighting against infections. They are very common on the market and are sold under different brand names. They remain among the earliest medications for multiple sclerosis even though they are still widely prescribed currently. Why and how they help treat multiple sclerosis remains unknown though it is believed that they send a message to the body to reduce the immune reactions that lead to the attacks on the myelin in a patient’s body. They are self-injected, and the dose depends on the specific drug.
Glatiramer acetate is a drug the fall under immunomodulator medications which means that it directly targets the T-cells which are the immune cells that attack the myelin in a patient’s body Glatiramer acetate can protect your myelin from any further damage by interacting directly with the T-cells. The prescription and drug determines how many times you inject the drug but it could either be on a daily basis or two to three times a week. This drug leaves some people more vulnerable to infections since it tampers with the immune system hence it is necessary that they take care during a flu outbreak and maintain high levels of hygiene.
Corticosteroids are different from the other medicines mainly because it does not compare to them in terms of functionality. All these drugs work in the same way to reduce the symptoms and other effects created by the disease. Since multiple sclerosis leads to extensive inflammation which may cause pain, relapses and other symptoms. These drugs are provided on a shorter time basis and are used mainly to reduce inflammations and symptoms during multiple sclerosis relapses.