Everything That You Should Know about the Joint Cartilage and Why It Is Important
Every moving part of the body has a connective tissue that provides cushion between the bone and joint. It can therefore be deduced that the connective tissue is going to help you avoid a stiff that because a painful sensation because it prevents the joint from being touched by the moving bones. There are three types of cartilages in the human body which are the elastic cartilage, Hyaline cartilage and the fibrocartilage. The joint cartilage is one of the vital cartilages in the body of which its absence could lead to arthritis and may require a lot of details to get healed. The official name of the joint cartilage is the articular cartilage because it covers the whole surface where the joint meets with the articular bone. The articular cartilage is simply the cartilage that you’re going to find on the knee joint, that protects the joint from any possible friction between the tibia and femur.
You will find that the cartilage is primarily constituted of type II collagen and chondroitin sulfate. There is also a synovial fluid that helps to make smooth movements. The articular cartilage is bigger than other cartilages in the body by 6 mm because of where it is located in the body.
You should bear in mind that one of the most important functions of the articular cartilage is to allow for movements between the bones and the joint. You should also take note of the fact that the joint cartilage will not get healed when it gets damaged because of a disorder or wear and tear. Because there is no supply of nutrients to the articular cartilage, this means that it will neither regenerate or regrow when damaged.
If your articular cartilage is damaged, the only way you can rectify it is by considering surgical techniques. A lot of times, restoration procedures that are applied very from patient to patient and the extent of damage can be found by taking x-rays. With the sensitivity of the articular cartilage restoration procedure, it will not augur well with everyone. Some of the most common cartilage restoration procedures include microfracture, drilling, abrasion arthroplasty and autologous chondrocyte implantation. For anyone that may have encountered one of the above cartilage restoration procedures, it is advisable to ensure that you protect the area that was operated on because this will ensure that your cartilage heals well. You should consider rehabilitation which will involve a series of processes and physical therapy so that you can resume normal life. For more interesting reads about the joint cartilage, visit this site.